söndag 19 augusti 2012

10 things to do after installing Linux Mint 13

Linux Mint 13 just got released and I have been using it (MATE edition) on my laptop for nearly a week and from my experience, this is a very nice and stable release. However, depending on personal need and preference, users still need to tweak and customize a few things to make it more usable. Here are 10 things that I did after installing Linux Mint 13 - MATE edition.

Update System

As always on a freshly installed system, the first thing you need to do is to update the packages. To do so, you can click on the shield icon on the notification area, enter the password and the update manager will appear. Click on the Install Updates button to do the system updating. It will take a while depending on your network speed.

10 things to do after installing Linux Mint 13

You can also open the terminal and run the following command for system updating:
 sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade  

Install proprietary driver for your graphic card

If your computer has a dedicated graphic card, you should consider installing the proprietary driver for it. When the open source driver does get the job done, it still cannot hold a candle to the proprietary one. To check for available proprietary drivers, open the Mint menu, go to control center then Additional Drivers then select the driver to install. If you are using an ATI card, I recommend you to pick the second driver in the additional drivers window since the first one had caused my system to crash.

 things to do after installing Linux Mint 13

After installing the driver, you need to reboot the system for the new driver to take effect.

Change the search engines of Firefox

In Linux Mint 13, Firefox uses two search engines, Yahoo search if you use the search box and DuckDuckGo if you search in the address box. I always prefer Google over these search engines so one of the first things I did after installing Linux Mint 13 was to change the Firefox search engine back to Google search.

To change the search engine in the search box of Firefox to Google, you just need to open Firefox then go to the following address:

After that, click on the drop down list in the search box and select "Add Google"

change search engine firefox Linux mint

To change the search engine of the address bar from DuckDuckGo to Google, you open Firefox , type about:config on the address bar. You will see a warning, just click on the "I'll be careful" button to go to the config page. In this config page, scroll down until you find the line that begins with "keyword.URL":

change firefox Linux mint search engine

Right click on this line and select the Modify option. The box to edit the search engine will appear, in this box, you just need to replace the DuckDuckGo url with Google:

change Linux mint firefox search engine

Click ok and everything is done.  Now both the address bar and the search box use Google as the default search engine.

Get more themes and icons

Linux Mint 13 comes with very few themes and icon sets so I think everybody would love to get more themes and icon to decorate the desktop. The best place to look for nice themes and icons in my opinion is Gnome-look. Just go there and search for the themes and icons you like. Also remember to read the installation instruction of each theme and icon set.

Here is my Linux Mint 13 desktop with Delorean Noir theme and ubo icons

beautiful Linux Mint desktop

Get a conky setup

Conky is an amazing linux application. A neat conky will make your desktop look amazing. I may be accused of being flamboyant but a conky setup was the first thing I got for my Linux Mint 13 desktop.

Take a look at the awesome Reloj Conky config:

If you are interested in conky like me, you can check my articles about beautiful conky configs.

Customize the Mint Menu

You can use the Mint Menu to search for and launch applications or access quickly to preferred folders. To customize the Mint Menu, right click on it and choose the Preferences option and the Menu preferences window will open. To add shortcut to your favorite folders, just go to the Places tab and click on the New button to add new folders to the Mint Menu:

customize linux mint menu

To customize the Favorites list on the Mint Menu, you can right click on each application to remove or add it into the Favorite list:

how to customize linux mint menu

You may find that after you remove some applications out of and add new ones into the Favorite List, the icons arent arranged into the order you want and you cannot drag these icons around on the menu. To change the order of the icons on the Favorites list, you need to edit the file ~/.linuxmint/mintMenu/applications.lst. Here is how this file looks to get the Mint Menu in the screenshot below. ( Note: after you edit the applications.list file, you need to right click on the Mint Menu and select Reload plugins to restart the Mint Menu)

how to customize mint menu

Set auto mount for all the partitions

Besides the root partition, there are several other partitions in the hard drive of my laptop. These partitions are where I keep my important stuffs. And I hate it when I tried to access a file from an application, I realized that I forgot to mount these partitions. That's why I always prefer auto mounting all the partitions in my Linux box.

There are actually many ways to auto mount partitions in Linux, one of them is to use a tool called  "pysdm". First, you need to install it:
 sudo apt-get install pysdm  

Next, open the terminal and run pysdm as root:
 sudo pysdm  

The configuration window of pysdm will appear, on which you just need to select the partition to configure:

After that, click on the Assistant button on the right and you will have a menu to customize the behavior of each partition. The option to auto mount partition at booting is the second one.

Just do that to all the partitions you want to mount at booting up and next time, you dont need to manually mount these partition anymore.

Hide the partition icons on the desktop

By default, the desktop of Linux Mint 13 always displays the icons of mounted partitions and USB drives and I think that makes the desktop ugly. I always want my desktop to be nice and clean. To hide these icons, hit Alt+F2 and type mateconf-editor then hit enter:

The MATE configuration window will appear. On which, you go to apps > caja > desktop then uncheck the volumes_visible option like the image below:

And you wont see these partition and usb icons on your desktop anymore.

Install Compiz Config Settings Manager

Compiz is an awesome tool, you can do a lot of cool things with it so I recommend everybody to install Compiz. You can tweak a lot of things with CCSM and of course, it is always fun to show the cubic desktops to your friends :D

To install Compiz, you can search for it in the Software Manager or run the following command:
 sudo apt-get install compizconfig-settings-manager  

Install Wine

I myself at times need to run some Windows applications so Wine is always a must-have tool for me. To install Wine, you can search for it in the Software Manager or use this command:
 sudo apt-get install wine  


These are 10 things I did after installing Linux Mint 13 - MATE edition. If you are using Linux Mint 13 too and have any other ideas, please tell me by giving a comment.

Update: Here are some other tweaking tips you may want to try on Linux Mint 13

Add New Comment

  • Image

Showing 14 comments

  • stlouisubntu
    Duckduck go is actually a great search engine.  https://duckduckgo.com/  They respect your privacy (by not even retaining your ip address at all) and give you "clean" search results.  Mint should be commended for encouraging using it.
    If you insist on using Google (and especially since you recommend it to other), the only responsible way to use it is in conjunction with the following add-on:  http://googlesharing.net/  This forces Google to respect your privacy.
    Friends don't let friends use Google.

  • PuzzledObserver
    Discovered Googlesharing.net thanks to you.

  •  Thanks for your visit and comment. its just a personal choice anyway. Some prefer Google like me, some go for Bing, some love DuckDuckGo ...

  • Willthelatino
     Great info to both of you, but google does not have a right to violate your privacy the way they do. Thanks so much for the links stlouisubntu I will be using it from now on.

  • Thanks for your visit and comment, Willtelatino. But if you really care about privacy then you should definitely remove the Yahoo search. Yahoo is well known for disclosing personal info of its users. Yahoo provided data that was used in the prosecution of at least three dissidents, according to The Washington Post. The best known is Shi Tao, a journalist serving a 10-year sentence for leaking a propaganda directive.
    You can read more about how Yahoo has been violating human rights here >> http://money.cnn.com/2006/02/2...

  • Víctor Montero
    They are all good suggestions. I thanks you in special for the one allowing me to use Google as search engine again (Sorry, stlouisubntu). I search using the address bar (I remove the search engine textbox from my firefox) and having DDG was highly annoying and the results not even near as accurate as Google.
    A suggestion: For hiding the partitions of the desktop instead of going through mateconf-editor, you can go to the Desktop Configuration in the Preferences, and there you have a checkbox for hiding the icons on the desktop, also choosing if you want to show any other.
    The other thing? Well, it all depends on tastes. I took out the Mint menu from the toolbar, added one on the top, added the custom menu (and icons) and I'm using Mate as if it were my Gnome2 desktop of all the life.
    Finally, there are three things I install always when I just install Linux: Alarm-Clock (useful if you ever need a reminder while using the computer or even an alarm for waking you up), guake (so you have always the console ready with just a key stroke, in case you use it), VirtualBox (I use it on the university for taking notes with OneNote since there aren't any good replacement for it on Linux). Of course, these tools arent mandatory but for me they're important.
    What is important is to show that Linux, even if doing stuff with the console is way faster than with a graphical interface in most ocassions, like installing group of programs with apt-get), that doesn't means that the desktop is not mature or useful for people that always was on Windows, thing that unfortunately I still have been said today. I expect that with Steam on Linux the opinion about Linux improves even more.

  •  Thanks for your visit and comment Victor. What custom menu you are using anyway? Gnomenu or Cardapio ?

  • Víctor Montero
    No one of them. I used the stuff that the system had built-in. Basically I right-clicked in the new toolbar and added the "Custom menu" that have the options "Applications", "Places" and "System".

  • Pete Tinsley
    Your setup looks good but it cant have compiz running in the screenshots; compiz isn't compatible with the default window manager and replaces the theme with the default theme (clunky, blue) which is hideous and makes the desktop look stupid.

  • vaina
    Hi, thanks for your useful tips. I have just a problem with my Linux Mint 13 (Cinnamon desktop), installed a few days ago. When I right-click on the mintmenu, I can't find a Preferences options, so I can't customize the mintmenu :-(
    Maybe is this possible only with Mate desktop? Besides, where are the old, good Places shortcuts? Is the Extended Places Menu Gnome Shell extension the only solution? Thanks for your attention, I'm a newbie with this OS - I've always been using Ubuntu.

  • Alinourzad
    hi i like your article but i got so many problems with compiz when installed it on mint 13 xfce :P so i dont recommend it on xfce 

  • Erno Linnola
    In most cases you don't have to install proprietary drive.

  • Bilphil
    How 'bout some info about gaining partition rights after creating new partitions so one can use it.

  • Shawn H Corey, Master Programmer, Perl Guru & Avid Gamer
    You should run this after installation and once a week:
    sudo apt-get -y clean && sudo apt-get -y dist-upgrade && sudo apt-get -y upgrade &&  sudo apt-get -y update && sudo apt-get -y autoremove
Skicka en kommentar